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2023.03.21 21:23 throwawaylurker012 Everything Everywhere All At Once: The Citadel Big 3 and how Citadel’s sphere of influence has its fingers stuck not just in the stock market, but the municipal/bond market and sovereign debt/sovereign debt credit default swaps to dangerous degree
TL;DR: Citadel doesn't just have a major outsized influence in the US stock market via its market making firm/hedge fund, but also a major indirect influence via Headlands (biggest municipal bond trading firm made of 3 ex-Citadel employees), and direct influence on sovereign debt (can decide when sovereign credit default swaps pay out) with its seat on the CDDC (Credit Derivatives Determinations Committee).
Hi y’all. Been some while since have been able to post regularly here, so I’m returning alongside my recent post on FHLB with a bit of a “DD". Partial rush job, so all errors are mine and mine alone (obviously)
0. Sphere of Influence
Over the past 84 years (/s), you lovely apes at Superstonk have been able to fish out many of the finer points of corruption crystallized into pure, unadulterated financial terrorism and financial terrorist-level crime undertaken by Steve Cohen (Point 72), Jeff Yass (Susquehanna), Doug Cifu & Vincent Viola (Virtu), as well as Wolverine Trading, Jane Street, TwoSigma, and more. But, of course, much of it has centered on our Mayo-artist-in-residence and his firm, that of none other but Ken Griffin and Citadel.
One of the biggest finds that has come to light has been the complete and utter bullshit of having (1) a hedge fund and (2) owning a market making firm that most DEFINITELY does not use that non-public information to its benefit? I mean, it would be easy for us to check except that we need 5 swipes to even access that level of inner sanctum at Citadel, which–per DLauer’s words–is more than the fucking Pentagon.
But despite Ken Griffin’s reach into every aspect of the most influential stock market in the world, that is not his ONLY level of influence. For we, dear apes, can step back and revisit this idea that Citadel’s power duo (its market making firm and hedge fund) is more like a single part of a Big 3.
1. Meet the Big 3 Citadel’s sphere of influence includes not JUST (1) the stock market business, but directly or indirectly, the (2) U.S. municipal and bond markets, plus (3) the sovereign debt/sovereign debt credit default swap markets.
Yes, you heard that right. Citadel not only has some sufficient level of influence to tank your favorite stock–and, in turn–retirement fund, but can also effectively drive your city into the fucking ground, or even your country.
I’ve written about each of these at length, and wanted to revisit some pieces in the wake of our recent dick twitchings of the coming financial crash.
2. Meet the Municipal Bond Market
Citadel has an indirect grip tickling the taint of the municipal bond market, believe it or not. I first wrote about the municipal bond market here (“Headlands: How ex-Mayo mercenaries copy pasted Citadel’s model in the muni bond market”): https://www.reddit.com/Superstonk/comments/sy6ubj/headlands_how_exmayo_mercenaries_copy_pasted/
. For those unfamiliar with municipal bonds, I’ll reiterate what they are and why many push them as a safe investment:
“Municipal bonds (or "munis" for short) help towns/cities raise money for projects like building schools, parks, and fixing highways. Many retail investors--admittedly, on the wealthier side--invest in munis for tax incentives like not paying federal tax on bond returns. In certain cases, certain muni buys also mean no state taxes are paid…Just like what had happened to stocks, the old-school market for buying and selling muni bonds is going electronic. This is mainly done through an ATS, or "alternative trading system" known also as a dark pool. This speeds up the process of buying and selling munis, making it closer to a "house auction".
In the wake of the SVB (Silicon Valley Bank), there have already been rumblings of its effect on the municipal bond market (Bloomberg “Bank Woes Create Bond Bargain in Obscure Corner of Muni Market”):
“Investor concerns over the crises within the financial industry are bleeding into a corner of the $4 trillion municipal-bond market where major investment banks guarantee energy for public utilities….
Spreads have widened on so-called prepaid gas bonds, which government agencies use to purchase long-term supplies of natural gas. Large institutional banks act as facilitators of the transactions, guaranteeing the supply and providing investors tax-exempt exposure to bank credit….
3. San Jose, Revisited
That part about “large institutional banks” acting as facilitators of the transactions is what we saw in part in this post by [redacted].
A commenter spoke about this, and how it wasn’t Wells Fargo in doo doo but the city of San Jose.
“I believe in theses cases it’s not Wells Fargo that has a problem but the city of San José.
„Because presentments are currently processed automatically at DTC, IPAs have the option to refuse to pay (“RTP”) for maturing MMI Obligations to protect against the possibility that an IPA may not be able to fund settlement because it has not received funds from the relevant issuer. „ -> Wells Fargo didn’t receive the money from San José city.
Wells Fargo acts as an issuing agent for the city - the city transfers assets to the trustee and the trustee securitizes the assets and offers the money market securities to investors. The assets generate money (for example a sports arena that was build) and that money goes through the city of San José to the trustee who is managed by Wells Fargo.
Wells Fargo has no liability or influence on the money that comes from the city and is distributed to the investors. If the money doesn’t come or isn’t sufficient, the assets are sold or liquidated and used to pay investors.
Anyway: Wells Fargo acts on behalf of the city and is not responsible they just handle securitization but don’t have any influence on payments or failure/default.”
In this case, we might be seeing one of the first of MANY issues of cities up shit’s creek over this.
4. The Municipal Bond Market Time Bomb
The size of the municipal market is A SHIT TON BIGGER than the corporate bond market, which will already show even more signs of being turbo fucked due to borrowing at low interest rates for years. Here’s the size of the municipal bond market for scale, sans banana:
Unfortunately, just like retirement funds, many muni investors are “buy and hold”: they buy a muni expecting a safe, long-term return with no federal income tax and then, welp, shit hits the fan. The market is heavily illiquid too, meaning if shit needs to move, then you might be fucked. Only about 1% of municipal securities trade any given day, in auctions that often take HOURS:
“Now, the primary method of trading on this doesn't look like the New York Stock Exchange or like Nasdaq. It looks like an auction. It takes about 4 hours. An auction is initiated. Participants who come in can bid on this, and it is a competitive auction that yields a very good price.”
Now to my understanding you can’t short these bonds, but the long time frame means its hard to sell these illiquid assets. Not only that, THERE IS NO NATIONAL NBBO (National Best Bid Offer)...you’re flying blind while this shit happens.
Now if you’re wondering what magnanimous souls are helping municipal bonds be sold or fixed in a timely manner for cities like San Jose, well have I got news for you.
5. Meet Headlands, U.S. Municipal/Bond Market Making Firm…Run by 3 Ex-Citadel Employees
Two months after the sneeze (March 2021), TD Ameritrade bought municipal bond market maker Headlands. Yes, that’s right…an electronic market maker just like Citadel, this time for bonds for cities and towns vs. stocks. Now let’s check the fine fellows that run this:
- Jason Lehman: Citadel Investment Group, began/ran their global options market making, dipped his dick in Japanese convertible bonds, and managed “Private Investments”
- Neil Fitzpatrick: Citadel Execution Services COO (Citadel Investment affiliate), ran equities/options. Ex-Knight Capital Group, did Citadel’s OTC and equity shit. Direct Edge board of directors.
- Matthew Andresen, co-CEO Citadel Derivatives (Citadel Investment affiliate). Previously served on board of directors/committees in the past from International Securities Exchange, Direct Edge, CFTC, Lava Trading (Citi’s electronic trading unit that made LavaFlow)
Of note, Matthew Andresen founded Island, one of the 1st dark pools EVER and 2nd only to “Instinet” (who also got an even bigger wave of funds during the sneeze, info courtesy of Ringing Bells) and was featured heavily in the Scott Patterson book “Dark Pools”.
Ol Matty told us that Headlands is completely automated, and where some muni traders make 75-100 muni bond sales a day (sometimes over the phone), Headlands currently bids on 10,000+ bond auctions a day with its algo. Matty Boi even said if that number ever 10x’d “we wouldn’t notice.” Even more sus, Headlands has been growing its own “holdings” of muni bonds on its books.
6. In Bros We Trust
So remember, this branch of 3 ex-Citadel bros is front and center to the issues already rearing their head. In my previous post, these were just SOME of the already teetering municipal bond issues:
- Some might have history befall them again: last time the market crashed, Michael Burry’s California went spiraling down to BBB rated for many municipal bonds. California is a special muni case where it generally does well when times are good; much of their revenue is tied to personal income taxes. But when shit goes tits up, it goes tits up.
- Major projects have tons of debt piling up due to the [March 2020 crash] New Jersey built a giant ass mall–I kid you not--called “The American Dream” over 10+ years that has no sales receipts to cover it in part due to the dropoff in retail buying. As of 2 weeks ago, the mall only had like less than $1000 in the bank to pay off muni debt (“Developer Triple Five Group also sold US$800 million of muni-debt backed by payments they agreed to make to bondholders instead of paying property taxes”)...
- NYC’s MTA has been getting reamed by both ends. One of the biggest shitstains on its books is that it took out a shit ton of municipal debt and opted to sell $3 billion in bonds to the Fed’s muni lending program to stay afloat
And this issues extends way beyond the U.S.' 50 states...it even affects our territories too.
What began this rabbit hole was the one and only welp 0 0 7, who caught wind of some fuckery in the municipal bond market:
In the post, he mentioned how "American Thinker" 's Joseph Lawler mentioned the SEC has been giving fucking STIFF Heismans nonstop (or per [redacted] the ol' Dustin Martin "don't argues" for you Aussie apes!) on FOIA requests (Freedom of Information Act) related to the municipal bond default in Puerto Rico, the BIGGEST bond default in America's history EVER.
It went all the way the way up to a federal court in California where the SEC said "we don't know what you're talking about" when others found they have fucking 2800 pages of documents on it and nearly 270,000(!) emails referencing it referencing a billion dollar Ponzi scheme on the level of fucking Bernie Madoff.
Big banks (Citi, Wells Fargo, BoFa) had their scheme collapse in 2016, potentially bribed senators to kill investigations into it by the DOJ and now the SEC is caught in yet ANOTHER 2 lawsuits saying they fucking aided and abetted this shit.
You see, because this level of municipal bond includes fuckery includes not just cities and towns, but U.S. TERRITORIES. In my post about Hurricane Maria’s effect on Puerto Rico, I talked about how UBS and others loaded up Puerto Rico with debt because of what’s called a “Treasury Put” guarantee that was even called “an exit strategy” for banks (“They describe the "treasury put" as "...the implicit guarantee -- as perceived by investors -- from a government agency to provide support in the event of financial distress by the issuer of Puerto Rican bonds."”). Puerto Rico’s default was the largest in US history, EVER.
And all this the same while guess who was holding the bag? Let’s see what W S O P tells us:
“The reality is that a large percentage of Puerto Rico’s debt is held in tax-free municipal bonds and municipal bond mutual funds, owned not by Wall Street banks or tycoons, but by mom and pop investors seeking tax-free income.”
So once again, whether its retirement funds or municipal bonds, its retail caught holding the bag. And this hasn't changed for years. We’ve seen similar fuckery with bonds for NYC in the 70s, and more recently in the 00s for Detroit.
One astute wrinkle by the name of [redacted] posted this on that original post trying to dig into how it could all be related:
…how the MMLF fund that expanded money/credit to towns/cities started including commercial paper…but also leveraged near the 15 to 1 ratio perhaps under the Net Capital Requirement limit:
[redacted said]: "$500B at 14:1 Leverage? If I'm making the right connection between the flavor of asset, that's just under the 15x Net Capital Requirement limit. Is this all the Fed had/could afford? Or is this all they needed at the time?
8. Don't Bet Against America...Says the Banks and Hedge Funds That Already Did
Commercial Paper? Municipals related? Now where does that sound familiar? Ah, yes…the city of San Jose got its call-out by Wells Fargo over COMMERCIAL PAPER. This comes as the push for ppl into municipal bond markets continues, trying to sell it as a “safe haven” to retail investors. Vanguard just recently launched its first ETF–surprise, its first US-listed ETF in 2 years– for municipal bonds (selling point: “hey everyone it’s tax-exempt! Give us money plz!”) for example:
Many of us can see all of it for what it is. Bullshit. In the wake of the SVB collapse, there is stil a strong push that these regional banks–many of which lend to municipalities–will be fine. This “safe haven” theory continues, even as articles try to have them appeal abroad (such as a few days ago, “ ESG Factors of Munis May Attract Non-US Investors” “https://www.marketsmedia.com/esg-factors-of-munis-may-attract-non-us-investors/”
Even further, one last find is that . I mean it’s not like credit default swaps can be taken on cities and towns in theory right?
FWIW also I found an interesting research paper talking about hedge funds buying up credit default swaps, and how they could potentially bankrupt towns/municipalities through some of these moves if they wanted: https://openyls.law.yale.edu/bitstream/handle/20.500.13051/8264/MingJieWangCreditDefaultS.pdf?sequence=2
Another potential concern is that even in a market that is generally liquid, the market for individual single-name [Credit default swap]s may be quite small, which could allow a single bad actor (a hedge fund, for example) to force a municipality into default
This is all while we have 3 ex-Citadel heads in charge of just how the municipal bond market moves, like that of San Jose.
So is this where Citadel’s reach stops? Clearly, no. It doesn’t stop at the US border, just like how Mayo Force One doesn’t.
10. ELI5: What’s a Soverign Credit Default Swap? That’s right, mofos. You read that sub-header right. In case you’re wondering, not only can you take out credit default swaps on a failing Swiss bank like CS, but you can do so ON ENTIRE FUCKING COUNTRIES.
In one of my old posts “Sovereign Debts & Ransom Notes: Pt. 1 The Importance of Being Non-Linearly Destabilized through Sovereign Credit Default Swaps” (“https://www.reddit.com/Superstonk/comments/t35rdi/sovereign_debts_ransom_notes_pt_1_the_importance/”), I talked a little more about the insanity of these things even existing.
Sovereign credit default swaps exist. Long story short: sovereign credit default swaps are insurance policies that if a country defaults (usually on its debt)then you get paid! Like many other shit that we’ve seen in the GME saga, they are a form of financial derivative (a bet that something goes up, a bet that something goes down) on an underlying (the thing you’re betting on)....They can be used to insure government debt for a country in case that country is unable to pay its debt, for example. However, just like other instruments, naked sovereign credit default swaps also exist. 📷
Naked sovereign credit default swaps are used to bet that a country or a country's debt will fail without you owning that country's debt. In part, they were destabilising during the Euro-crisis immediately after the 2008 financial crash. Greece was one of the countries that got naked shorted in 2008. In fact, the country got shorted so bad they were worried about fucking SHORT SQUEEZES on Greek debt and the sovereign CDSs! In 2012, the EU put a ban on naked sovereign credit default swaps. However, workarounds include the fact that a country can effectively change its mind on it within 24 hours and all the regulatory agency can do is offer an opinion.
There were a tons of perhaps “we will see soon” if relevant additional points in that old research, including:
–The VIX affects sovereign credit default swaps A LOT
–The Big Bang Protocol: ISDA helped formulate a set of rules that decides when a country “defaults”
–You can “short” a sovereign bond if you find a locate (sound familiar?: “Short sales of shares and short sales of sovereign debt will be permitted only where the seller has “located” the share or debt instrument prior to entering into the agreement and has a “reasonable expectation” of being able to borrow the shares.”)
Crazy shit. So you might say, now this post is meant to be about Citadel’s sphere of influence you might say? “Where does Citadel fit into all this? ”
11. Meet the CDDC (Credit Derivatives Determination Committee)...Where Citadel Sit and Helps Decide Which Countries Default on their Debt One of the biggest GFC 2008 scenarios of sovereign credit default swaps being misused was against Greece. Afterwards, one of its biggest cases of misuse was by Elliot Management (ran by Paul Singer) who was using their position on the Credit Derivatives Determination Committee, or CDDC, to help decide when their sovereign credit default swaps against Argentina would pay out.
Wait, Eliot Management doesn’t sound big enough. Who else is on this committee? 📷 Oh wait, so Citadel is ALSO on this committee? Alongside our favorite fucksticks like Chase, Goldman, Deutsche, and BNP?
It’s not lost on me with seeing now that Credit Suisse has been sucked up into UBS, maybe its position on the CDDC has been absorbed further by UBS. Back then, I wrote about the fact is we know next to nothing about the sovereign credit default swaps that might be opened up against countries (be it Russia, Sri Lanka, or otherwise):
Here's one such example of a swap dealer: Swiss financial terrorist aficionados UBS AG, who registered to be a swaps dealer with the US at the end of 2012. (UBS had also been a member of the CDDC through the Greek crisis in early 2012, alongside Citadel. In Mar. 2012, they were also one of the members pressing to ask whether Greece had defaulted already.)
UBS AG registered as a swap dealer in the US at the end of 2012 enabling the continuation of swaps business with US persons. Regulations issued by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) impose substantial new requirements on registered swap dealers for clearing, trade execution, transaction reporting, recordkeeping, risk management and business conduct.
If UBS AG decides to make a market on sovereign credit default swaps like Russia, then we might also have no idea who is on the other side of the trade. This also goes for many of the other swap dealers who (surprise surprise) also sit on the CDDC board and can determine just when these sovereign credit default swaps pay out.
Not only that, but the CDDC even can say when CORPORATE BONDS even shit the bed: late last year, they were the ones who were deciding to let everyone know whether Sunac (an Evergrande-relate company) went tits up.
12. We Say When
For months, there has been talk of a looming debt crisis (alongside all the other ones) in the sovereign debt world.
And shit continues to hit the proverbial fan. Apart from Russia, Sri Lanka and others, emerging markets like Ghana and Zambia are beginning to feel the hits from their sovereign debt (oftentimes, trying to restructure it with creditors like China). 📷
Even further, now that Credit Suisse has gone under. We may have another thing to worry about: what banks and prime brokers are housing these opaque sovereign debt structures, loans, and swaps? Even worse, what happens when they go under?
Roll that less than beautiful bean footage: 📷 https://www.livemint.com/news/world/before-collapse-credit-suisse-quietly-conquered-an-obscure-debt-market-11679395660932.html
“Before collapse, Credit Suisse quietly conquered an obscure debt market “ A lot of poorer, especially emerging market countries were already in dire straits. Now as opaque deals meant to help these countries might not come to light (are these some of the Level 3 assets that UBS was talking about?), we can ask ourselves wtf will happen when the same banks looking to save their own ass while holding these sovereign, are the same fuckers that sit on the same board that can decide when they are worthless (while I’m sure being positioned net short).
Before its rescue by Swiss rival UBS, Credit Suisse had quietly become a major player in an obscure market that purports to help developing countries ease their debt burdens in exchange for protecting nature. Known as debt-for-nature swaps, the complex financial instruments help governments restructure their debt to raise money that can be used to fund conservation efforts.
Credit Suisse was the sole structurer and arranger of the world’s largest debt-for-nature swap, a $364 million deal that it orchestrated in 2021 along with The Nature Conservancy, a charity, for Belize. Last year, it sealed another $150 million deal for Barbados. Credit Suisse has in recent years helped revive interest in the instruments and for the first time opened them up to institutional capital. The bank raised money for Belize and Barbados from pension funds including Sweden’s Alecta and Nuveen LLC, a unit of the US’s TIAA, by issuing so-called blue bonds tied to the deals.
he convoluted setup has drawn criticism from sovereign debt experts for its high cost and lack of transparency. And the opaque terms of the Belize and Barbados deals — the first of their kind — mean outside analysts will struggle to assess precisely what comes next.
All in all, these banks and holders of sovereign debt credit default swaps, who decide when a country goes boom, are sitting arm in arm alongside Citadel, who themselves potentially hover their greasy mayo-covered finger over the button that decides just when and how the US stock market will eventually implode.
13. Everything Everywhere All at Once
To recap, we then have Citadel with (1) the biggest market maker and arguably one of the most influential hedge fund able to decide which stocks rise and which fall as the US stock market teeters on the brink of collapse…
…with having (2) three of its ex-employees in charge of (not even counting other Citadel employees working there) operating at Headlands ready to help position themselves when the municipal bond market gets nuked, whether as a continued result of regional bank failure or in spite of it…
…while (3) sitting on the board that determines when ENTIRE COUNTRIES FAIL, in such a way that their hedge fund and associated pals can be ready to short and profit off failing nations that they and their fuckstick friends help cause.
Did I miss anything? Because remember, Citadel is not just Citadel, the market-maker that we all love to hate; Citadel’s sphere of influence via the Big 3 means the grip that it holds over the US and world economy is even greater than we think…and as such, far far more dangerous.
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2023.03.21 21:23 autotldr Putin says Russia ‘will respond’ if UK supplies depleted uranium shells to Ukraine
This is the best tl;dr I could make, original
reduced by 70%. (I'm a bot)
Vladimir Putin has sought to exploit a British statement that it would supply Ukraine with tank shells made with depleted uranium, arguing that the delivery of the armour-piercing weapons would prompt a Russian response. Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: depleted#1 uranium#2 tank#3 Russian#4 war#5
Annabel Goldie said that the UK will supply "Armour piercing rounds which contain depleted uranium" to Ukraine with its gift of 14 Challenger 2 tanks because they are deemed "Highly effective in defeating modern tanks and armoured vehicles".
Moscow also has its own Svinets-2 depleted uranium tank shells in its stockpile.
Depleted uranium is a by-product of the enrichment process that makes nuclear fuel and weapons, and so is less radioactive than the naturally occurring metal, although concerns remain about its toxicity.
Similar munitions were used by the UK and the US in the Iraq and Gulf wars in 1991 and 2003, and a recent review of studies in BMJ Global Health highlighted "Possible associations" of long-term health problems among Iraqis linked to depleted uranium use on the battlefield.
The CND leader said the UK should instead "Place an immediate moratorium on the use of depleted uranium weapons" - a demand the Ministry of Defence has repeatedly rejected - "And to fund long-term studies into their health and environmental impacts."
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2023.03.21 21:22 Serb456 $GME up 34 percent after hours. What did I miss?
2023.03.21 21:22 autotldr Russia targets leaders of banned Nobel Prize-winning human rights group Memorial
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reduced by 71%. (I'm a bot)
Nine leaders of one of Russia's oldest human rights groups, Memorial, have been targeted in raids on their homes, 15 months after their organisation was shut down by the courts. Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: Memorial#1 Ukraine#2 Russia#3 Russian#4 database#5
Founded in 1989, Memorial aimed to remember millions of innocent people persecuted by Soviet repression.
The raids took place after Russia's investigative committee opened a criminal investigation against Memorial for alleged "Rehabilitation of Nazism".
Memorial has come under political pressure for years and that intensified in 2014 when Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine and Russian proxy forces seized areas of eastern Ukraine.
Memorial chairman Yan Rachinsky was one of the leaders targeted in Tuesday's raids.
Memorial said the men had been blocked from the database.
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2023.03.21 21:22 autotldr Trans Kids Are Being Forced to Detransition: ‘What The Fuck Are These Families Going to Do?’. Trans youth in South Dakota and their families are “scared” and “considering leaving” after the state banned gender-affirming care for minors.
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The move is in lockstep with several other Republican-led states that have introduced bill after bill legislating away trans rights, banning drag shows and books about LGBTQ issues, and barring trans girls from playing on girls' sports teams. Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: trans#1 care#2 People#3 gender-affirming#4 South#5
"We have seen a continuous escalation of laws targeting the trans community, and trans youth in particular," transgender researcher and activist Erin Reed told VICE News.
As Republican lawmakers celebrated, trans people and their families felt anger and fear.
JC, whose identity is being withheld for privacy reasons, grew up in South Dakota and came out as trans at 13.
Some people in the state are considering setting up shuttles for trans youth who may need to access out-of-state care, or fundraising for families who may need financial support to get their kids to other states for care, Knochel said.
" There are trans children, I work with folks who do have trans kids, I see trans youth, and to know that the state they live in basically goes, 'Hey, you don't exist.
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2023.03.21 21:22 prenderm Ummmm, what’s up after hours?
2023.03.21 21:21 Edawg661 Positive EPS of 0.16 vs estimate of -0.13 by “experts”
2023.03.21 21:20 Marcello_randazzo UTILI GME MARZO 2023
Gamestop PANORAMICA DEL QUARTO TRIMESTRE
📰 Novità PANORAMICA DEL QUARTO TRIMESTRE
Le vendite nette sono state di 2,226 miliardi di dollari, rispetto ai 2,254 miliardi di dollari del quarto trimestre dell'anno precedente. Le spese di vendita, generali e amministrative ("SG&A") sono state di 453,4 milioni di dollari, o il 20,4% delle vendite, rispetto ai 538,9 milioni di dollari, o il 23,9% delle vendite, nel quarto trimestre dell'anno precedente.
L'utile netto è stato di $ 48,2 milioni, rispetto a una perdita netta di $ 147,5 milioni per il quarto trimestre dell'anno precedente.
L'inventario ammontava a 682,9 milioni di dollari alla chiusura del periodo, rispetto ai 915,0 milioni di dollari alla chiusura del quarto trimestre dell'anno precedente, riflettendo la continua attenzione della Società al mantenimento di una buona posizione dell'inventario.
Liquidità, mezzi equivalenti e titoli negoziabili ammontavano a 1,391 miliardi di dollari alla chiusura del trimestre. Il debito a lungo termine rimane limitato a un prestito a termine non garantito a basso interesse associato alla risposta del governo francese a C
#PANORAMICA DELL'INTERO ANNO
Ha generato un fatturato netto di 5,927 miliardi di dollari per l'anno fiscale, rispetto ai 6,011 miliardi di dollari dell'anno fiscale 2021.
Aumento delle vendite per l'intero anno nella categoria degli oggetti da collezione, che è un'area in cui la Società continua a dare priorità alla crescita a lungo termine.
Completata la maggior parte delle implementazioni e degli aggiornamenti relativi all'infrastruttura, ai sistemi, alle capacità di spedizione e alle piattaforme online e mobili dell'azienda.
Iniziate iniziative di taglio dei costi e riduzioni del personale nel corso dell'anno per aumentare l'efficienza operativa.
Istituito un programma di incentivi azionari per i leader dei negozi e gli associati di ruolo per aumentare la loro retribuzione e rafforzare l'allineamento degli interessi con i colleghi azionisti.
Stabilisci una direzione strategica per il futuro incentrata su efficienza, redditività e crescita pragmatica.
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2023.03.21 21:19 Frequent-Somewhere63 Trae Young over 28.5 Lock it in
2023.03.21 21:19 SonOfGarry 2023 Roster Overview and Discussion: New York Excelsior
Previous Thread: London Spitfire 2022 Record:
4-20 (+0) 2022 Tournament Appearances:
0 2022 Tournament Wins:
0 Regional Finish:
12th in West Regular Season Finish:
19th Postseason Finish:
N/A (Eliminated from postseason contention) Offseason Departures:
2023 Roster: Tank: Hitscan DPS:
- Yaki — Flex DPS (Los Angeles Gladiators)
- Flora — Flex DPS (Washington Justice)
- Ho1 — Flex Support (Unsigned)
- Gangnamjin — Main Support (Shanghai Dragons)
- Ansoonjae — Main Support (Retired)
- Artist — Coach (Unsigned)
- Undine — Assistant Coach (Unsigned)
- Gesture — Assistant Coach (Unsigned)
- FITS (Previously with Seoul Dynasty)
- Shockwave (Previously with Nobles)
- Seicoe (Previously with Nobles)
- Creative (Previously with Houston Outlaws)
- Aniyun (Rookie out of Wisp)
- Lep (Previously with Houston Outlaws)
- Halo (Previously with Altiora/Maryville Esports)
- Changgoon — Head Coach (Previously with Hangzhou Spark)
- Amir — Assistant Coach (Previously with Team Peps)
I've got to hand it to the Excelsior, they've succeeded in creating probably the most bizarre roster in Overwatch League history, a strange combo of the 2022 Outlaws, Dynasty, Titans, and a few CAH players thrown in there so the AndBox execs can act like they actually care about women and minorities. It's gonna be really interesting to see how this Frankenstein's Monster of a roster shapes up, especially with the rumor that they don't even have a team translator.
It feels like someone forgot to tell New York that they were supposed to be a budget team, since they went absolutely crazy with their support signings. Four players is the most any team in the league currently has signed to a single position. The good news for NYXL fans is that the team actually remembered to sign a Main Support this season; two of them, in fact! Lep is coming over after spending the second half of 2022 on the Houston Outlaws. Lep is a pretty good Lucio player so it's a little disappointing that we didn't get to see more of him on the Outlaws. Overall, not bad. Additionally, the Excelsior also signed Halo. Admittedly, I haven't really kept up with Halo’s performance after her 2020 season with the Boston Uprising. While that was certainly not the best year, we've seen plenty of players take a brief detour back into Contenders before coming back stronger in the league: just look at Mikeyy from that same 2020 Uprising team, who helped the Shock reach Grand Finals this past year. With all that said though, from what I know Halo is primarily a Lucio player as well and I feel like her overall hero pool has a lot of overlap with Lep's. I really hope this is more than a PR signing because I would hate to see Halo ride the bench the whole year.
Whew, this team has so many Supports I needed an extra paragraph break! Let's talk Creative. Another transfer from the Outlaws, Creative has been a pretty interesting player since his debut in 2020. His Ana play was instrumental in helping the Seoul Dynasty reach the 2020 Grand Finals, but ever since I feel like he's been pretty average overall, and particularly his performances on heroes not named Ana leave something to be desired. This isn't a bad signing but it leaves a lot to be desired. Finally, New York grabbed Aniyun as a second Flex Support. I'll be honest, there are few instances when making these threads where I genuinely have never heard of a player being signed, but this is one of these instances. This young Chinese-American rookie has had a pretty short career playing for a couple of NA contenders teams including Wisp, and also won the CAH Challenger's Cup with Altiora Artemis. Aniyun was teammates with Halo on that CAH roster so there is some preexisting synergy, but beyond that I don't know enough about this signing to make any real assumptions.
Alright, we're done talking about Supports, I promise! Let's talk about tanks! Actually just a Tank, and the same Tank as last year with Kellan being the only player returning from New York's 2022 roster. Kellan did not have the best season, but I really don't know if it's fair to pin the blame on him. There was a ton of issues with New York's support lineup (the 3 Flex Supports incident), and additionally they seemed to be forcing Kellan onto off-meta picks like Zarya in stage 1 and Ball in stage 2, despite many of his comfort heroes like Winston being optimal picks. Kellan got done dirty, that's non-negotiable, but that fact of the matter is that the team around him didn't really get much better over this last offseason. I'm rooting for the Kellan redemption arc as much as anybody but if the pieces weren't there last season they're still not there now. I also have to once again bring up the rumor of New York not having a translator, as having communication issues with the Tank could be a major problem.
Finishing up with the DPS for this team, it's another really strange lineup. FITS is the player that is probably going to raise the most eyebrows when people see this on-paper roster, since he's been a very solid player for the Dynasty over the past 3 seasons. FITS is an experienced veteran Hitscan who doesn't necessarily take over games, but can certainly contend with some of the upper-tier Hitscans in the league. Shockwave and Seicoe were also brought on. After this duo left the Vancouver Titans pretty early in the season, they went back into contenders with some decent success. I praised Seicoe as an underrated gem last offseason, and that clearly didn't work out, but I still think there's some potential there. Shockwave as well has always seemed like a player with a ton of talent that just consistently gets shoved into awful situations (2020 Titans, visa hell on 2021 Fusion, randomly getting dropped from 2022 Titans, etc.). I'd love to see this lineup succeed but it's just not looking good for anyone on this team. At this point I think Shockwave might actually just be cursed.
Messy. Unorthodox. Volatile. These are apt words to describe my mental state after my DPS goes negative for the 4th game in a row, and also happen to be some great descriptors of what I think of the 2023 Excelsior. This team looks like an absolute mess, and while talent-wise they should be above teams like Vegas and LA Valiant, I'm afraid their volatility could drag them down into the bottom tier. Preseason Regional Ranking:
submitted by SonOfGarry
to Competitiveoverwatch [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:18 PapaMac01 This Week in Nick Brawl (3/12/2023-3/18/2023)
- Papa Mac runs Slime Night Grind. A concept ladder bracket that brought players together for 3 hours to play as many matches as they could in that time. The success leads to him announcing Slime Grind Time. A weekly matchmaking ladder happening every Wednesday from now on.
Kame House Weekly #28 (3/13)
- VAMP U.S Marine
- Kid Kaioken
Computer Time Tuesday (3/14)
- Hyper Crasher
- AOC Tangible
- lunch eater
- USF Spooked
NASB @ ESC - EU Online Tournament 14 (3/14)
- Calamari Mikan
Slime Night Grind Ladder (Concept) (3/15)
- lunch eater
- Papa Mac
Frycook Fridays #5 (3/17)
- AOC Tangible
- GoTE USF Young Simba
(only the top percentage of players are shown in these results)
(due to Reddit's formatting assume 6th place is also 5th and 8th place is also 7th. excludes ladder brackets)
on Twitter for upcoming tournaments.
Join the Official Discord
for discussions, news and info. With appearances from the developers.
Join the Nick Brawl Grinders Discord
for in-depth discussion and active matchmaking.
Join the Nintendo Switch Nick Brawl Discord
for Nintendo Switch matchmaking
View the Nick Brawl Wiki
for technical information about the game.
submitted by PapaMac01
to AllStarBrawl [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:17 broke2stoked Bullish earnings?
2023.03.21 21:17 oneir0naut0 An update on Boost Mobile Hunger Strike
So if anyone is interested, an update:
Sunday I contacted Boost Mobile and told them I was on the way to the store to start the protest. I was then presented (for the first time after more than 25 hours of customer service chat) with a simple temporary solution - buy a new boost mobile sim card and activate it on my current locked phone with a new number until Boost gets their internal issues resolved so they can unlock the phone -
Simple, right- well, just coming up with the $6 to buy the SIM card at Target took until mid-day yesterday. Once I inserted it, you can guess the outcome- I can't activate it on my current plan- a plan that I once again paid for a week ago just to get them to release my port out pin, a plan that they have since added a credit to for Next months bill. They can't add it to that account or activate this sim card. To activate this sim card, I would have to pay for a whole new plan.
This is insanity, I get that- I haven't responded angrily to the people here attacking me- most everyone is ignorant to the reality of being homeless, and I can't get angry at them for that nor do I hope they will ever have the personal experience to understand -
I am trying here. I am a healthcare worker. I finally got an interview at WakeMed for a position I hope I get - trying to follow up with that is a big part of why I'm so desperate to have active phone service. I had to walk for two days to make that interview as my dog can't walk very far. I had to tie my dog out with a note while I did the interview - the first and last time (I hope) I have ever done that
I get it, my life, practically, would be so much easier without my dog, but she is all I have to live for. To people saying I am putting her in a horrible situation and dont care for her, I angrily object. I recently spent the last of my money on food for her rather than eat myself. 15 years ago I was homeless for 5 years. I tried repeatedly to get out of it, and it only 'stuck' when I got my puppy Arya 10 years ago. For 10 years I provided her with a home. Four years ago I got a job as a Patient Transporter which led to the rent to own situation on the trailer which turned out to be a scam. It is so easy to go back to homelessness once you've been in it, and I would have multiple times over the last ten years if not for her. Now I've been forced back into it.
So I can't give her up. I know I'm close to having to and it kills me everyday- she saved my life, she is my life. She never leaves my side. When I worked at the hospital I arranged a split shift schedule (10-2 and 4-10, 4 days a week) just so I could go home and walk her every day. I keep her warm and safe even when I can't do that for myself. She turns 10 next month.
I had an acquaintance that was letting me use his basement for her while I worked at a theater recently. My dad became deathly ill, I had to step away from that job and when I returned the acquaintance revoked the basement. There is no dog care or any solution that allows me to manage a theater and have a random schedule that bounces between opening and closing at 2am. I know for some people reading this they are screaming in their head to just get rid of the dog- I can't and won't unless I become incapable of caring for her.
The hospital position will be a set schedule that I can get dog care for her and will afford me the ability to get a place to live.
To everyone saying I should cut my losses and move on - in a normal world I would. Right up until I lost my home, I had a Pixel and Google Fi service. That phone was broken when I was hit by a car shortly after leaving the hospital - I was doing Uber eats on a scooter. I had to go to Boost Mobile as I was approved for an ACP plan.
Boost sent emails saying they had accepted the plan but they never sent me a phone and have charged me every month for 8 months for it. I had tried for months to get my ACP ported over to qlink and now that I have and thought I was finally out of Boosts clutches this whole thing started again.
I know, believe me, about the internal issues- these issues predate that by months- still, I was as patient as possible through the hack issues and would have never tried the port out if I hadn't been told last week that my phone was unlocked and finally given the port out pin- well, not given it, they made me pay them for another month of service before they would give it to me. I am not expecting them to ever resolve the hack issues at this point- this is not the issue. The issue is they told me my phone was unlocked.
And now, I've spent even more money - I know $6 is nothing to most, but I have nothing - only to realize once again I'd been offered another solution just to get me out of chat.
And to those telling me about wifi and such, believe me, I know- I had a tablet that I loaned to another homeless person when his phone broke and then he disappeared. I currently can only do any of this in wifi, but that presents one of the unknown issues of being homeless with a dog - to be on wifi I need to be in a public place and every hour I'm sitting outside Panera or Starbucks is another hour where someone may act on misplaced concern about a homeless dudes dog. As of now, when I leave this place and walk 40 minutes back to my tent, I will then spend the night staring at the ceiling, wondering if I'm not hearing about an emergency with my father and just going over the Cruelty that is the Boost Mobile situation over and over again until I finally fall asleep in the early morning
And I know a Hunger Strike is crazy. I know this is insane- I do have mental health issues- depression and serious difficulty sometimes with social interaction, and lately every day has been a bad mental health day- I took that into consideration when putting off the Strike.
I did get the meeting with the Housing guy moved to tomorrow, so my plan now is to return to the Store Thursday for the strike. To the people saying I shouldn't be protesting at a store that can't do anything - I completely agree! Constantly phone and chat customer service at Boost will push this idea that you can just go to a Boost Mobile store and they can help. This is a lie and they know it. I point this out. I point out that it will be a four mile walk to that store. I point out that the nice but frustrated gentleman that owns that store only has the option of calling Boost support - he just sells phones. Yesterday still, I was told multiple times to go to a store for this new issue with the SIM card.
I am desperate. I have no options. I can't protest Boost Mobile by 'sitting' online. The Boost store is the only physical location where I can stage a protest. And I know a protest makes little sense since no one will care. My only thought is that an attack on the PR front is particularly undesirable to them currently since they are trying so desperately to keep the DISH hack under wraps
I never once panhandled in all the time I was homeless years ago- I'm capable of work and hate the idea of strangers helping me when I can correct things myself, so I can't beg now. But, if there is anyone in the Raleigh area (or someone willing to ship one to my mom's or friends address) that could loan or give me an no longer needed, unlocked phone, I could activate my qlink service and be done with this until I get the stability again to sue the crap out of Boost Mobile. I would in theory only need the phone until they resolve the internal issues at boost and can unlock my current phone.
I do encourage everyone here that may be having similar issues with Boost to go to the Better Business Bureau and report them or post to a thread discussing Class Action lawsuits even though our contracts prohibit us from participating in one - they seem responsive in those arenas.
So hopefully, good news about temporary housing tomorrow - I've been reluctant to even pursue that as there are people with children who need it more and despite the stress of it, I'm actually capable of getting out of this. Then Thursday, I go to the Boost store with a tent and signs and start my protest.
submitted by oneir0naut0
to BoostMobile [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:17 alexdoescode1 Passed C960 Discrete Math II - In 30 Days!
| || | submitted by alexdoescode1 to WGU_CompSci [link] [comments]
Passed DM 2 in 30 days, with 2 weeks of starting a new job, so I didn't study too much for the first 15 days.
This was the longest course it took me, but the easiest final. Got about an85%
It was the hardest to learn, but the easiest final.
In that, it's not straight vocab, and it takes a while to learn the concepts. Once you learn them though, you're almost certain of the final answer.
- For every 2 hours of study, book a time with a CI
- From the start book 3-5 meetings with the CI's
How I'd do it over:
- Start by looking at my study schedule for the week, and book 3-5 meetings over the course of the week.
- Do my PA and guess on all the problems
- On the CI calls, go through the PA 5-10 questions at a time(You may need more than 5 calls for this)
- After every meeting, redo the problems that you went over in your call by hand till you can do them over and over
- After going through the PA, try the supplemental worksheets and do what you can. For any problem, you can't solve, either youtube it, or go through it with a CI
- Once you can do the worksheets, do the course planning tool and go over it with a CI.
If you can do the supplemental worksheets, PA, and course planning tool, you'll be more than ready.
Reach out if you need any specific help.
Here's the video version of those post here
2023.03.21 21:17 rClipsBot SUNDAY BUNDAY! Gaming News & Chill [ Final Fantasy 16 updates, Resident Evil 4 Remake Reviews, New Persona 5 game & MORE! ]
2023.03.21 21:16 TheBrokeInvestorMV Boom baby!!!!! Buckle up
2023.03.21 21:15 AccomplishedHat1118 Has anyone mounted lights to their Gladiator bed or bed rack? Looking for advice and tips!
Hey fellow Gladiator owners!
I'm planning to add some lights to my Jeep Gladiator's bed rack and I'm looking for some advice from those who have done this before. I'm looking to purchase a set of BA-4 Amber LED Pod Lights and I'm curious to know how you all have tackled this project.
- How did you route the wiring? I'd like to keep it clean and protected from any potential damage. Did you run the wires through existing channels, or did you have to create new ones?
- What did you use as a power source for your lights? Did you connect them directly to the battery, or did you find an ignition-switched source to tap into? If you used an ignition-switched source, which one did you use?
- How and where did you mount the switch? I'd like to keep it accessible but also unobtrusive.
- Any other tips, tricks, or recommendations for this project? I want to make sure I get it right the first time and avoid any issues down the road.
I appreciate any input and advice you can share. I'm really excited to get these lights installed and improve the utility of my Gladiator bed!
Thanks in advance!
submitted by AccomplishedHat1118
to JeepGladiator [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:14 covidfreeswiftie Don’t let COVID ruin your concert experience: Tips for staying healthy at Taylor Swift’s Eras Tour
Disclaimer: I am an immunocompromised Swiftie dating a cancer survivor. I am not a doctor or an epidemiologist, but unfortunately have had to stay very up-to-date to keep myself and my partner safe. If you are not open to the idea of taking COVID precautions, please leave this post now. I am not going to debate anyone in the comments, and I request that mods do not remove this as this information is important for folks who are trying to stay safe. There is a 100% chance that there will be folks who are COVID positive and contagious at the tour. There is also a 100% chance that there are folks at the tour who are immunocompromised, or who have a loved one that is immunocompromised.
Hell, this is true just because Taylor
is at the tour. As you’re probably aware, her mom Andrea is a cancer survivor
herself. If you’e never have COVID, you don’t want it. If you have had COVID, you don’t want it again.
There is emerging research that COVID affectsevery part of the body
, and it is not as mild as first thought. Additionally, your risks for hospitalization, death, further illness, and Long COVID increases with each infection
. The best way to avoid this is to avoid COVID entirely. The worst thing in the world would be getting COVID before or at the tour, and having your memory of this amazing event compromised because you got sick immediately before/after. You can dramatically reduce your risk of getting or spreading COVID by following these tips:
There is no “magic bullet” for avoiding COVID, so we use the “Swiss Cheese model
” - each mitigation effort is a reduction of your likelihood of getting or spreading COVID. Consider incorporating some or all of these tips to reduce your likelihood of getting/spreading COVID dramatically.
- Make sure you are up-to-date with your vaccinations. Get the primary series of vaccines, and make sure you have also gotten the updated bivalent vaccine. However, remember that vaccines do NOT dramatically reduce your risk of Long COVID or long term health symptoms, only hospitalization/death while you are sick with COVID.
- 1-2 weeks before your tour date, reduce your activities and wear a high-quality, well-fitting mask in public places. If you don’t get COVID, you can’t spread COVID! Avoid large indoor gatherings and avoid eating and drinking in restaurants or bars in the days leading up to your tour date. It would suck to be sick for the concert! It’s 3 hours long and that just sounds miserable.
- Wear a high-quality, well-fitting mask on the plane and in the airport while you are en route to and from the concert. Again, if you don’t get COVID, you can’t spread COVID. There’s almost a 100% chance that someone on your plane to or from the concert has COVID.
- Take a rapid test the day of, before you go to the concert. If you test positive and it is at all possible for you to skip the concert (because you planned to go to multiple tour dates, or you are able to trade your tickets for a new date), then stay home. If not, make sure that you and your group wear a well-fitted, high quality mask for the duration of the concert and anytime you are around others. Consider informing those around you so that they can choose to mask up as well.
- If you feel any symptoms of sickness at all, regardless of your test result, mask up for the concert. At-home COVID tests are not always accurate, so if you are feeling sick then wear a mask to avoid spreading any sickness (flu, cold, COVID) to others.
- Wear a high quality and well fitting mask for the duration of the concert, even if you test negative and feel fine. Wearing a mask helps those of us who are immunocompromised or who have immunocompromised loved ones feel much safer. If everyone around us is wearing a mask, then we are safer if we need to remove a mask to take a drink and eat something, or if the fit of our mask isn’t ideal. Of course, it also protects you in case someone around you is positive and contagious. Two-way masking is much better than one-way masking, but one-way masking is effective. Bring multiples, as you might need to replace yours (sweat, tears, aggressive singing or screaming, etc.) or you may want to share some with those around you.
If you wear a mask to the Eras Tour, just know that you are my hero. I have tickets to the tour but I am not sure if I will be able to go because I’m not sure I can effectively mitigate my risk. But my tour date isn’t for a couple of months - if I see that the concerts are getting safer because people are masking, it will be easier for me to make the decision to go. Immunocompromised Swifties are Swifties too. So, if you mask, THANK YOU. You bet I will if I go, because you can still make the whole place shimmer in a mask 😷
Links to everything you need to stay safe:
submitted by covidfreeswiftie
to TaylorSwift [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:14 nams0 GameStop reports profitable Q4 results
Actual $0.16 Fourth Quarter Overview
Full Year Overview
- Net sales were $2.226 billion, compared to $2.254 billion in the prior year's fourth quarter.
- Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses were $453.4 million, or 20.4% of sales, compared to $538.9 million, or 23.9% of sales, in the prior year's fourth quarter.
- Net income was $48.2 million, compared to a net loss of $147.5 million for the prior year’s fourth quarter.
- Inventory was $682.9 million at the close of the period, compared to $915.0 million at the close of the prior year's fourth quarter, reflecting the Company’s ongoing focus on maintaining a healthy inventory position.
- Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities were $1.391 billion at the close of the quarter.
- Generated net sales of $5.927 billion for the fiscal year, compared to $6.011 billion for fiscal year 2021.
- Increased full-year sales in the collectibles category, which is an area in which the Company continues prioritizing long-term growth.
- Completed the majority of implementations and upgrades related to the Company’s infrastructure, systems, shipping capabilities, and online and mobile platforms.
- Initiated cost cutting initiatives and headcount reductions over the course of the year to increase operational efficiency.
- Established an equity incentive program for store leaders and tenured associates to increase their compensation and strengthen alignment of interests with fellow stockholders.
- Set a go-forward strategic direction focused on efficiency, profitability and pragmatic growth.
submitted by nams0
to stocks [link] [comments]
2023.03.21 21:13 thed0000d Wut mean? Exactly $5 up a split second after close… coincidence, I think NOT
2023.03.21 21:13 Icy_Document_7547 Spicy AF... 🔥
2023.03.21 21:12 fdkorpima Trigon Metals (TM.v PNTZF) update + incoming commodities supercycle with copper to surpass past highs of 2022 of $10,845
submitted by fdkorpima
to MetalBulls [link] [comments]